Jan 14, 2017. Superb resource link for coaches or footballers looking for new training session drills/exercise ideas. Nine excellent sessions here from the brilliant Jorge Sampaoli. BibMe Free Bibliography & Citation Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard.
Representing Netherlands * Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only. Hendrik Johannes ' Johan' Cruijff ( Dutch: ( ), to Cruyff; 25 April 1947 – 24 March 2016) was a Dutch professional player and. As a player, he won the three times, in 1971, 1973, and 1974. Cruyff was the most famous exponent of the football philosophy known as explored by, and is widely regarded as one of the greatest players in football history.
In the 1970s, Dutch football rose from near obscurity to become a powerhouse in the sport. Cruyff led the to the final of the and received the as player of the tournament. At the 1974 finals, he executed a that subsequently was named after him, the ', a move widely replicated in the modern game. At club level, Cruyff started his career at, where he won eight titles, three and one. In 1973, he moved to for a, winning in his first season and was named. After retiring from playing in 1984, Cruyff became highly successful as of Ajax and later Barcelona; he remained an influential advisor to both clubs.
An Introduction To General Linguistics Pdf. His son also played football professionally. In 1999, Cruyff was voted European Player of the Century in an election held by the, and came second behind in their poll. He came third in a vote organised by the French magazine consulting their former Ballon d'Or winners to elect their Football Player of the Century. He was chosen on the in 1998, the in 2002, and in 2004 was named in the list of the world's greatest living players. Considered to be one of the most influential figures in football history, Cruyff's style of play and his football philosophy has influenced managers and players, including the likes of,,,,,, and.
And are among the clubs that have developed based on Cruyff's coaching methods. His coaching philosophy helped lay the foundations for the revival of Ajax's international successes in the 1990s. 's successes at both club and level during the years 2008 to 2012 have been cited by many as evidence of Cruyff's impact on contemporary football.
In 2017, Cruyff was named among the 10 greatest coaches since the foundation of in 1954. 'I was born shortly after the war, though, and was taught not to just accept anything.' —Cruyff said in a documentary on TV3 channel (2015). Hendrik Johannes 'Johan' Cruijff was born on 25 April 1947 in, on a street five minutes away from 's stadium, his first football club. Johan was the second son of Hermanus Cornelis Cruijff and Petronella Bernarda Draaijer, from a humble, working-class background in east Amsterdam. Cruyff, encouraged by his influential football-loving father and his close proximity in Akkerstraat to the De Meer Stadium, played football with his schoolmates and older brother, Henny, whenever he could, and idolised the prolific Dutch dribbler,.
In 1959, Cruyff's father died from a heart attack. His father's death had a major impact on his mentality. As Cruyff recalled, in celebration of his 50th birthday, “My father died when I was just 12 and he was 45. From that day the feeling crept stronger over me that I would die at the same age and, when I had serious heart problems when I reached 45, I thought: 'This is it.' Only medical science, which was not available to help my father, kept me alive.” Viewing a potential football career as a way of paying tribute to his father, the death inspired the strong-willed Cruyff, who also frequently visited the burial site at Oosterbegraafplaats. His mother began working at Ajax as a cleaner, deciding that she could no longer carry on at the grocer without her husband, and in the future, this made Cruyff near-obsessed with financial security but also gave him an appreciation for player aids. His mother soon met her second husband, Henk Angel, a field hand at Ajax who proved a key influence in Cruyff's life.
Playing career [ ] Club career [ ] Ajax and the golden era of Total Football [ ]. Cruyff was instrumental in Ajax's dominance of in the early 1970s. He played for Ajax from 1957 to 1973 and 1981 to 1983 (seen here in 1967 against Feyenoord). Cruyff joined the Ajax youth system on his tenth birthday. Cruyff and his friends would frequent a 'playground' in their neighbourhood and Ajax youth coach Jany van der Veen, who lived close by, noticed Cruyff's talent and decided to offer him a place at Ajax without a formal trial. He showed talent both on the 's mound and behind the plate, as a, before having to leave at age 15 to focus on football. He made his first team debut on 15 November 1964 in the, against, scoring the only goal for Ajax in a 3–1 defeat.
That year, Ajax finished in their lowest position since the establishment of professional football, in 13th. Cruyff really started to make an impression in the 1965–66 season and established himself as a regular first team player after scoring two goals against in the Olympic stadium on 24 October 1965 in a 2–0 victory. In the seven games that winter, he scored eight times and in March 1966 scored the first three goals in a league game against Telstar in a 6–2 win. Four days later, in a cup game against in a 7–0 win, he scored four goals.
In total that season, Cruyff scored 25 goals in 23 games, and Ajax won the league championship. In the, Ajax again won the league championship, and also won the, for Cruyff's first 'double'. Cruyff ended the season as the leading goalscorer in the Eredivisie with 33. Cruyff won the league for the third successive year in the. He was also named Dutch footballer of the year for the second successive time, a feat he repeated in 1969.
On 28 May 1969, Cruyff played in his first final against, but the Italians won 4–1. In the, Cruyff won his second league and cup 'double'; at the beginning of the, he suffered a long-term groin injury. He made his comeback on 30 October 1970 against.
In this game, he did not wear his usual number 9, which was in use by, but instead used number 14. Ajax won 1–0. Although it was very uncommon in those days for the starters of a game not to play with numbers 1 to 11, from that moment onwards, Cruyff wore number 14, even with the. There was a documentary on Cruyff, Nummer 14 Johan Cruyff and in the Netherlands there is a magazine by, Nummer 14. 'Johan Cruyff's miracles in Amsterdam were many. He and his coach (a sort of John the Baptist figure) raised Ajax from obscurity.
More important, they invented a new way of playing. Cruyff became the greatest exponent and teacher of 'totaalvoetbal' [Total Football]. His vision of perfect movement and harmony on the field was rooted in the same sublime ordering of space that one sees in the pictures of or church painter.
It was the music of the spheres on grass.' —, the author of In a league game against on 29 November 1970, Cruyff scored six goals in an 8–1 victory. After winning a replayed KNVB Cup final against by a score of 2–1, Ajax won in Europe for the first time. On 2 June 1971, in, Ajax won the European Cup by defeating 2–0. He signed a seven-year contract at Ajax.
At the end of the season, he was named the Dutch and for 1971. In 1972, Ajax won a second European Cup, beating 2–0 in the final, with Cruyff scoring both goals. This victory prompted Dutch newspapers to announce the demise of the Italian style of defensive football in the face of. Soccer: The Ultimate Encyclopaedia says, 'Single-handed, Cruyff not only pulled Internazionale of Italy apart in the 1972 European Cup Final, but scored both goals in Ajax's 2–0 win.' Cruyff also scored in the 3–2 victory over in the KNVB Cup final. In the league, Cruyff was the top scorer with 25 goals as Ajax became champions.
Ajax won the, beating Argentina's 1–1 in the first game followed by 3–0, and then in January 1973, they won the by beating 3–1 away and 3–2 in Amsterdam. Cruyff's only own goal came on 20 August 1972 against. A week later, against in a 6–0 win, Cruyff scored four times for Ajax. The was concluded with another league championship victory and a third successive European Cup with a 1–0 win over in the final, with the Encyclopedia stating Cruyff 'inspired one of the greatest 20-minute spells of football ever seen'. Barcelona and the first La Liga title in 14 years [ ]. Johan Cruyff with Japanese fans in 1982 After his spell in the U.S.
And a short-lived stay in Spain, Cruyff returned to play in his homeland, rejoining Ajax on 30 November 1980 as 'technical advisor' to trainer, Ajax being eighth in the league table at the time after 13 games played. After 34 games, however, Ajax finished the in second. In December 1981, Cruyff signed a contract extension with Ajax. In the and seasons, Ajax, along with Cruyff, became league champions.
In 1982–83, Ajax won the Dutch Cup (KNVB-Beker). In 1982, he scored a famous goal against. While playing for Ajax, Cruyff scored a penalty the same way had done it 25 years earlier. He put the ball down as for a routine penalty kick, but instead of shooting at goal, Cruyff nudged the ball sideways to teammate, who in return passed it back to Cruyff to tap the ball into the empty net, as Otto Versfeld, the Helmond goalkeeper, looked on. Cruyff's farewell at Feyenoord Final season at Feyenoord and retirement [ ] At the end of the 1982–83 season, Ajax decided not to offer Cruyff a new contract. This angered Cruyff, who responded by signing for Ajax's archrivals.
Cruyff's season at Feyenoord was a successful one in which the club won the Eredivisie for the first time in a decade, part of a and double. The team's success was due to the performances of Cruyff along with and.
Despite his relatively advanced age, Cruyff played all league matches that season except for one. Because of his performance on the field, he was voted as Dutch Footballer of the Year for the fifth time. At the end of the season, the veteran announced his final retirement. He ended his Eredivisie playing career on 13 May 1984 with a goal against. Cruyff played his last game in Saudi Arabia against, bringing Feyenoord back into the game with a goal and an assist. Cruyff in the box during the, just before he was fouled for a penalty In an interview published in the 50th anniversary issue of magazine, the captain of the Brazilian team that won the,, went on to say, 'The only team I've seen that did things differently was Holland at the 1974 World Cup in Germany.
Since then everything looks more or less the same to me. Their 'carousel' style of play was amazing to watch and marvellous for the game.' With regards to role models, Brazilian football manager and former player has mentioned in one interview that he had no idols, though, 'My greatest satisfaction would be to manage a team such as 1974 Holland. It was a team where you could pick [Johan] Cruyff and place him on the right wing. If I had to put him in the left-wing, he would still play [the same].
I could choose Neeskens, who played both to the right and to the left of the midfield. Thus, everyone played in any position.' After 1974 [ ] Cruyff retired from international football in October 1977, having helped the national team qualify for the upcoming World Cup. Without him, the Netherlands finished runners-up in the World Cup again. Initially, the reason given for missing the were political reasons given in Argentina at that time. In 2008, Cruyff stated to the journalist Antoni Bassas in that he and his family were subject to a kidnap attempt in Barcelona a year before the tournament, and that this had caused his retirement.
'To play a World Cup you have to be 200% okay, there are moments when there are other values in life.' Coaching career [ ] Entry into management with Ajax [ ]. 'If you look at the greatest players in history, most of them couldn’t coach. If you look at the greatest coaches in history, most of them were not great players. Johan Cruyff did both – and in such an exhilarating style.'
— Former Dutch international It was during this period as manager that Cruyff was able to implement his favoured team formation—three mobile; plus one more covering space – becoming, in effect, a (from,,,,, ), two 'controlling' midfielders (from Rijkaard,,,,, ) with responsibilities to feed the attack-minded players, one (, Scholten), two touchline-hugging (from,,, ) and one versatile centre forward (from,, Bosman). So successful was this system that Ajax won the playing Cruyff's system – a tribute to Cruyff's legacy as Ajax coach. Return to Barcelona as manager [ ]. Cruyff playing with Ajax in 1971.
In modern football, Cruyff was one of the brilliant pioneers of the ' position/role. Throughout his career, Cruyff became synonymous with the playing style of 'Total Football'. It is a system where a player who moves out of his position is replaced by another from his team, thus allowing the team to retain their intended organizational structure. In this fluid system, no footballer is fixed in their intended outfield role. The style was honed by Ajax coach Rinus Michels, with Cruyff serving as the on-field 'conductor'. Space and the creation of it were central to the concept of Total Football.
Ajax defender, who played with Cruyff, explained how the team that won the European Cup in 1971, 1972 and 1973 worked it to their advantage: 'We discussed space the whole time. Cruyff always talked about where people should run, where they should stand, where they should not be moving. It was all about making space and coming into space. It is a kind of architecture on the field.
We always talked about speed of ball, space and time. Where is the most space? Where is the player who has the most time? That is where we have to play the ball. Every player had to understand the whole geometry of the whole pitch and the system as a whole.' The team orchestrator, Cruyff was a creative with a gift for timing passes.
Nominally, he played centre forward in this system and was a prolific goalscorer, but dropped deep to confuse his markers or moved to the wing to great effect. In the between West Germany and the Netherlands, from the kick off, the Dutch monopolised. At the start of the move that led to the opening goal, Cruyff picked up the ball in his own half.
Dutch captain who was nominally centre forward was the deepest Dutch outfield player, and after a series of passes, he set off on a run from the centre circle into the West German box. Unable to stop Cruyff by fair means, brought Cruyff down, conceding a penalty scored. The first German to thus touch the ball was goalkeeper picking the ball out of his own net. Due to the way Cruyff played the game, he is still referred to as 'the total footballer'.
Former French player states, 'I loved the Dutch in the '70s, they excited me and Cruyff was the best. He was at the heart of a revolution with his football. Ajax changed football and he was the leader of it all. If he wanted he could be the best player in any position on the pitch.' Cruyff was known for his technical ability, speed, acceleration, and vision, possessing an awareness of his teammates' positions as an attack unfolded. Despite his unimpressive stature and strength, Cruyff's tactical brain and reading of the game were exceptional. “Football consists of different elements: technique, tactics and stamina,” he told the journalists Henk van Dorp and Frits Barend, in one of the interviews collected in their book Ajax, Barcelona, Cruyff.
'There are some people who might have better technique than me, and some may be fitter than me, but the main thing is tactics. With most players, tactics are missing. You can divide tactics into insight, trust and daring.
In the tactical area, I think I just have more than most other players.' On the concept of technique in football, Cruyff once said: 'Technique is not being able to juggle a ball 1,000 times. Anyone can do that by practising. Then you can work in the circus. Technique is passing the ball with one touch, with the right speed, at the right foot of your team mate.' As noted, “Johan is so technically perfect that even as a boy he stopped being interested in that aspect of the game. He could do everything when he was 20.
That’s why he’s been very interested in tactics since he was very young. He sees football situations so clearly that he was always the one to decide how the game should be played.” In 1997, Dutch journalist Hubert Smeets wrote, 'Cruyff was the first player who understood that he was an artist, and the first who was able and willing to collectivise the art of sports.'
Sports writer David Miller believed Cruyff superior to any previous player in his ability to extract the most from others. He dubbed him ' in boots' for the complexity and precision of his passes and wrote, 'Few have been able to exact, both physically and mentally, such mesmeric control on a match from one penalty area to another.' According to 's -winning striker, 'He [Cruyff] was pretty intelligent, too! A real football brain. He had superb control, he was inventive and he could perform magic with a ball to get himself out of trouble instinctively.
He got a lot of goals, and although he was so skilful, he didn't show off – he played to the strengths of the players around him. This side would really keep hold of the ball.' Importance of style and identity as cultural values in football [ ] Winning is an important thing, but to have your own style, to have people copy you, to admire you, that is the greatest gift. 'We showed the world you could enjoy being a footballer; you could laugh and have a fantastic time. I represent the era which proved that attractive football was enjoyable and successful, and good fun to play too.' —Johan Cruyff Regarded by many as Europe's first true football superstar, Cruyff is often mentioned alongside the pair widely considered the finest to have played the game, Pele and Maradona. As a player, he greatly helped turn the previously backward and obscure (at both club and international level) into a world-class powerhouse in the 1970s.
In 's words, “without Cruyff, Holland [Netherlands] wouldn’t have had a footballing tradition.” Cruyff is always considered to be an indisputable icon in Ajax's history, especially in (1966–1973). He was instrumental in Ajax's transformation from a semi-professional club into a dominant force in European club football.
Cruyff inspired Ajax to win the European Cup three times in succession at the beginning of the 1970s before moving to Barcelona in 1973 and helping the club win their first La Liga title in 14 years. In 1974, he led the Netherlands to their first and received the Golden Ball as player of the tournament.
—,, 2016 Cruyff was noted by many as one of the few truly great players who made the transition to being a great / as well. His greatness was summed up by the former Dutch international Johan Neeskens, 'If you look at the greatest players in history, most of them couldn’t coach. If you look at the greatest coaches in history, most of them were not great players. Johan Cruyff did both – and in such an exhilarating style.' Cruyff is undisputedly regarded as one of the greatest and most influential managers in history of the game, despite his top-level coaching career only lasted 11 years with two clubs. In July 2011, website Football Pantheon included him on its list of the top 50 greatest managers of all time. However, Cruyff's coaching legacy was about not just trophies and records but also the style and identity.
As, Cruyff was able to implement his favoured team formation (3–4–3): with three mobile defenders; plus one more covering space – becoming, in effect, a defensive midfielder, two 'controlling' midfielders with responsibilities to feed the attack-minded players, one second striker, two touchline-hugging wingers and one versatile centre forward. So successful was this system that Ajax won the Champions League in 1995 playing Cruyff's system. The starting point of his system was always the doctrine of dominating the game with ball possession. When lost against Barcelona in the European Cup in 1994 with 4-0, remarked about the system Cruyff was using: 'That was a big lesson for me. They showed us how important it is to possess the ball.
I hadn’t understood it until then. I learned how important it is to have control of the ball in European matches.”.
Cruyff and Danny Coster getting married on 2 December 1968 At the wedding of Ajax teammate, on 13 June 1967, Cruyff met his future wife, Diana Margaretha 'Danny' Coster (b. They started dating, and on 2 December 1968, at the age of 21, he married Danny. Her father was Dutch businessman Cor Coster who also happened to be Cruyff’s agent. He was also credited with engineering Cruyff’s move to in 1973. The marriage is said to have been.
Contrary to his well-known strong personality and superstar status, Cruyff led a relatively quiet private life beyond the world of football. A highly principled, strong-minded and devoted family man, Cruyff's football career, both as a player and as a manager, was considerably influenced by his family, in particular his wife Danny. He and Danny had three children together: Chantal (16 November 1970), Susila (27 January 1972), and (9 February 1974). The family has lived in since 1973, with a six-year interruption from December 1981 to January 1988 when they lived in, The Netherlands. In 1977, Cruyff announced his irreversible decision to retire from international football at the age of 30, despite still lean and wiry, after helping the country qualify for the. A move which was shrouded in mystery and met with disbelief back in late 1977, was only finally stripped of its mystique in 2008, when Cruyff lifted the lid on his decision in an interview with. It was while still living in Barcelona as a player in late 1977, Cruyff and his family became the victims of an armed attacker who forced his way into his flat in Barcelona.
And the man who was then the ultimate football superstar was confronted with the choice between family values and a highly promising World Cup glory at the end of his international career. But for Cruyff, family comes first. In the interview with Catalunya Radio, he said that the attempted kidnap was the reason he decided not to go to the World Cup in Argentina in 1978. As he recalled, “You should know that I had problems at the end of my career as a player here and I don't know if you know that someone [put] a rifle at my head and tied me up and tied up my wife in front of the children at our flat in Barcelona.
The children were going to school accompanied by the police. The police slept in our house for three or four months. I was going to matches with a bodyguard. All these things change your point of view towards many things. There are moments in life in which there are other values. We wanted to stop this and be a little more sensible.
It was the moment to leave football and I couldn't play in the World Cup after this.” Cruyff named his third child after the patron saint of, St Jordi, commonly known in English as of Lydda. This was seen as a provocative gesture towards the then Spanish dictator General Franco, who had made all symbols of Catalan nationalism illegal. Cruyff had to fly his son back to the Netherlands to register his birth as the name 'Jordi' had been banned by the Spanish authorities.
Cruyff's decision to go to such great lengths to support Catalan nationalism is part of the reason he is a hero to Barcelona supporters and Catalan nationalists. Jordi Cruyff has played for teams such as Barcelona (while father Johan was manager), Manchester United, and. His grandson,, plays. The younger Cruyff wears 'Jordi' on his shirt to distinguish himself from his famous father, which also reflects the common Spanish practice of referring to players by given names alone or by nicknames.
It is also related to the commercial claim of 'name and fame' of his father to the name Cruyff/Cruijff. Among Cruyff's close friends are Pep Guardiola, Ronald Koeman, and Joan Laporta. Estelle Cruijff, a niece of Cruyff, was married to for 12 years (2000–2012). Political and religious views [ ] Cruyff once described himself as “not religious” and criticized the practices of devoutly Catholic Spanish players: 'In Spain all 22 players make the before a game; if it worked, every game would be a tie.'
That widely quoted statement earned him a place on lists of the world’s top athletes. But in the '90s, Cruyff told the Dutch Catholic radio station RKK/KRO that as a child he attended Sunday school, where he was taught about the Bible, and that while he didn’t go to church as an adult, he believed 'there's something there.' The Dutch evangelical broadcaster EO posted an interview conducted before Cruyff's death with his friend, the editor-in-chief of magazine. 'People don't know the real Johan Cruyff,' Derksen said. 'I have on occasion had beautiful conversations with him about faith, because we both went to the same kind of schools and learned about the Bible. And it stays with you.' Cruyff was known for his pro- views.
He was not a Jew but his connections to are so diverse that many contemporaries thought he for a. Cruyff grew up in the Amsterdam municipal Betondorp, where many Jews lived.
The Betondorp ('concrete village') is located in the east of the city, a stone's throw from the stadium 'De Meer', the former stadium of so-called 'Jewish club' Ajax Amsterdam, in which Cruyff established its global reputation. As a club that was located in Amsterdam East, Ajax was also affected by the community.
Even non-Jewish Cruyff was said from time to time to have a 'Jewish identity'. Though Cruyff has never had any political motive throughout his life, he was an advocate of the right of the to vote on in a referendum. Quotes [ ] • 'Every trainer talks about movement, about running a lot.
I say don't run so much. Football is a game you play with your brain.
You have to be in the right place at the right moment, not too early, not too late.' • 'In my teams, the goalie is the first attacker, and the striker the first defender.' • 'Every disadvantage has its advantage.' • 'If you can't win, make sure you don't lose.'
• 'Quality without results is pointless. Results without quality is boring.' • 'Winning is an important thing, but to have your own style, to have people copy you, to admire you, that is the greatest gift.' Illness, death and tributes [ ].
ค่าออกแบบเขาแบ่งกันอย่างไร (ระหว่างสถาปนิกและวิศวกร) ค่าออกแบบเขาแบ่งกันอย่างไร (ระหว่างสถาปนิกและวิศวกร) สมาคมสถาปนิกสยามในพระบรมราชูปถัมภ์ ได้กำหนดมาตรฐานการคิดค่าออกแบบไว้ดังต่อไปนี้(เป็นร้อยละ) 1. เมื่อรับเงินมาสามารถหักค่าใช้จ่ายบางประเภทออกก่อนคือ ค่าประสานงาน ( หักไม่เกิน 10% ) ค่าใช้จ่ายพิเศษอื่น ๆ ( ไม่เกิน 15% ) 2.